In the language of kinshipa nephew is a son of a person's siblingand a niece is a daughter of a person's sibling.
Converselythat person is the aunt or uncle of their niece or nephew. The terms are also used colloquially for sons and daughters of siblings-in-laweven though there is no blood relationship.
The word nephew is derived from the French word neveu which is derived from the Latin nepotem. Historically, a nephew was the logical recipient of his uncle's inheritance if the latter did not have Uncles and nephwes son or daughter, although in some northern Bangladeshi societies, a nephew takes precedence over a daughter.
Among parents, some cultures have assigned equal status in their social status to daughters and nieces.
This is, for instance, the case in Indian communities in Mauritius and the Thai Nakhon Phanom Provincewhere the transfer of cultural knowledge such as weaving was distributed equally among daughters, nieces and nieces-in-law by the Tai So community,  and some Garifuna Uncles and nephwes that would transmit languages to their nieces.
In some cultures and family traditions, it is common to refer to one's first cousin once-removed the child of one's cousinas a niece or nephew.
In archaic terminology, a maternal nephew is called a sister-sonemphasizing the importance as a person's nearest male relative should he have no brothers or sons of his own. Sister-son is used to describe some knights who are nephews to King Arthur and is imitated by J. Tolkienespecially in lists of Kings of Uncles and nephwes or dwarves where the sister-son is also heir. Sister-daughter is a less common parallel term for niece.
The terms grandniece great-niece and grandnephew great-nephew correspond to those of granduncle great-uncle and grandaunt great-auntexpressing a third-degree relationship. For poorly standardized terminology such as "second granduncle", see first cousins twice removed.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Nephew disambiguation.
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