A same-sex relationship is a relationship between persons of the same sex and can take many forms, from romantic and sexualto non-romantic homosocially-close relationships. The term is primarily associated with gay and lesbian relationships. Same-sex marriage refers to the institutionalized recognition of such relationships in Two gay couple play at a construction site form of a marriage ; civil unions may exist in countries where same-sex marriage does not.
The term same-sex relationship is not strictly related to the sexual orientation of the participants. As people of any orientation may participate in same-sex relationships particularly depending on the legal, social and scientific definition of sexsome activists argue that referring to a same-sex relationship as a "gay relationship" or a "lesbian relationship" is a form of bisexual erasure.
Terms such as gay or bisexual have often been applied to them; some, such as Michel Foucaultregard this as risking the anachronistic introduction of a contemporary construction of sexuality foreign to their times,  though others challenge this. Some contemporary studies have found that same-sex relationships can be broadly grouped into at least three categories, though there is no consensus regarding the categories, nor empirical metric which has, or could potentially be applied to strongly validate their existence: Often, one form of same-sex relationship predominates in a society, although others are likely to co-exist.
Historian Rictor Norton has pointed out  that in ancient Greeceegalitarian relationships co-existed albeit less privileged with the institution of pederastyand fascination with adolescents can also be found in modern sexuality, both opposite-sex and same-sex. Age and gender-structured same-sex relationships are less common though they are still significant and coexist with the postmodern egalitarian form in Latin America, where male heterosexuals and "butch" i.
A few ancient and medieval societies, such as Greece and Japanfostered erotic love bonds between experienced warriors and their apprentices.
A classic example of a military force built upon this belief is the Sacred Band of Thebes. However, other ancient and medieval cultures such as the Saxons and Vikings did not engage in this practice openly; therefore, these examples should not be regarded as a general rule for ancient cultures. The adoption of Two gay couple play at a construction site by the Roman Emperor Constantine in the fourth century and subsequent predominance of Christianity led to a diminished emphasis on erotic love within military forces.
By the time of the Crusadesit was widely held that carnal relations between males were sinful; accordingly, such relations were felt to have no place in an army fighting in the service of God.
One reason that the Knights Templara prominent military order, was abolished was that accusations of widespread sodomy had been levelled against the order; these allegations were probably fabricated.
The record of same-sex love has been preserved through literature and art. Male homoerotic sensibilities are visible in the foundations of art in the West, to the extent that those roots can be traced back to the ancient Greeks. Plato 's Symposium also gives readers commentary on the subject, at one point considering the claim that male-male love is superior to male-female love. The European tradition of homoeroticism was continued in the works of artists and writers such as Leonardo da VinciMichelangelo and Shakespeare.
Since the Renaissance, both male and female homoeroticism has remained a common, if subtle and hidden, theme in the visual arts of the West.
A large corpus of literature, numbering in the hundreds of works, fostered the shudo tradition in Japantogether with a widespread tradition of homoerotic shunga art. In the Chinese literary tradition, works such as Bian er Zhai and Jin Ping Mei survived the many purges to record the homoerotic climate of their time.
Today, the Japanese anime subgenre yaoi centers on gay youths. Japan is unusual in that the culture's male homoerotic art has typically been the work of female artists addressing a female audience, mirroring the case of lesbian eroticism in western art. In the s, a number of American television comedies began to feature themes on same-sex relationships and characters who expressed same-sex attractions.
The coming-out of comedian Ellen DeGeneres on her show Ellen was front-page news in America and brought the show its highest ratings.
However, public interest in the show swiftly declined after this, and the show was cancelled after one more season. Showtime 's Queer as Folkrunning from towas noted for its somewhat frank depiction of gay life, as well as its vivid sex scenes, containing the first simulated explicit sex scene between two men shown on American television.
Same-sex relationships have also been a frequent theme in Broadway musicals, such as A Chorus Line and Rent. Inthe film Brokeback Mountain was a financial and critical success internationally.
Unlike most same-sex couples in film, both the film's lovers were traditionally masculine and married. The movie's success was considered a milestone in the public acceptance of the American gay rights movement. Same-sex relationships in video games were first made available as an option to players in the game Fallout 2. Other forms of same-sex relationships which may or may not include romantic aspects or sexuality include bromanceswomances and other forms of closely bonded same-sex relationships.
Platonic refers to the writings of Plato, an ancient Greek philosopher who wrote on the interesting subject of love. Platonic love and platonic friendships are marked by the absence of physical or sexual desire.
Plato did acknowledge physical desire, but thought that if two people truly inspired each other, their spiritual or ideal love would bring them closer to God. State protections and prohibitions regarding romantic or sexual same-sex couples vary by jurisdiction.
In some locations, same-sex couples are extended full marriage rights just as opposite-sex couples, and in other locations they may be extended limited protections or none at all.
Policy also varies regarding the adoption of children by same-sex couples. In their essential psychological respects, these relationships were regarded as equivalent to opposite-sex relationships in a brief amici curiae of the American Psychological Association, California Psychological Association, American Psychiatric Association, National Association of Social Workers, and National Association of Social Workers, Two gay couple play at a construction site Chapter.
Other countries, including the majority of European nations, Chileand Ecuadorhave enacted laws allowing civil unions or domestic partnerships, designed to give gay couples similar rights as married couples concerning legal issues such as inheritance and immigration.
Same-sex couples can legally marry in all US states and receive both state-level and federal benefits. Though more than 30 states have constitutional restrictions on marriage, all states must recognize same-sex marriages following the U.
Supreme Court 's ruling in Obergefell v. All the laws restricting marriage to one man and one woman are therefore unconstitutional and unenforceable. LGBT parenting is when lesbiangaybisexualand transgender LGBT people are parents to one or more children, either as biological or non-biological Two gay couple play at a construction site.
Same-sex male couples face options which include: In the U. Census33 percent of female same-sex couple households and 22 percent of male same-sex couple households reported at least one child under eighteen living in their home.
In Januarythe European Court of Human Rights ruled that same-sex couples have the right to adopt a child. There is ample evidence to show that children raised by same-gender parents fare as well as those raised by heterosexual parents.
More than 25 years of research have documented that there is no relationship between parents' sexual orientation and any measure of a child's emotional, psychosocial, and behavioral adjustment. This data has demonstrated no risk Two gay couple play at a construction site children as a result of growing up in a family with one or more gay parents. The methodologies used in the major studies of same-sex parenting meet the standards for research in the field of developmental psychology and psychology generally.
They constitute the type of research that members of the respective professions consider reliable. This pattern clearly has not been observed.
Given the consistent failures in this research literature to disprove the null hypothesis, the burden of empirical proof is on those who argue that the children of sexual minority parents fare worse than the children of heterosexual parents.
CPA is concerned that some persons and institutions are mis-interpreting the findings of psychological research to support their positions, when their positions are more accurately based on other systems of belief or values.
Types of relationships vary from one couple to the next. As in heterosexual relationships, some same-sex relationships are meant to be temporary, casual, or anonymous sex.
Other relationships are more permanent, being in committed relationship with one another and not having sexual relationships with anyone else. Some are open relationshipsand while committed to each other, allow themselves and their partner to have relationships with others.
The names of legal same-sex relationships vary depending on the laws of the land. Same-sex relationships may be legally recognized in the form of marriage, civil unions, domestic partnerships, or registered partnerships. Individuals may or may not express their sexual orientation in their behaviors.
Equally, not all people with a bisexual or homosexual orientation seek same-sex relationships. A sodomy law defines certain sexual acts as sex crimes.
The precise sexual acts meant by the term sodomy are rarely spelled out in the law, but is typically understood by courts to include any sexual act which does not lead to procreation. Furthermore, Sodomy has many synonyms: It also has a range of similar euphemisms.
Some other countries criminalize homosexual acts. In a handful of countries, all of which are Muslim countriesit remains a capital crime.